Electrical injuries often found in everyday practice and will come to the emergency . types of electrical injury: consists of threekinds of electric current injury, burns from the arcing currentelectrothermal, and burns caused by ignition of clothing fire.Sometimes, all three will be present in the same victim.
Flash or electrical burns are thermal injury to the skin caused byhigh voltage electric current reaches the skin of the conductor.Thermal injuries to skin an intense and deep, because the electric current has a temperature of about 2500 ° C (high enough to melt the bones). The fire burned clothes from the most frequent trigger ofserious injury. Wound care the same as for any thermal injury.
Due to damage of the electrical current is directly proportional to theintensity as stipulated by the law of Ohm. Thus, the electrical currentdepends on voltage and resistance are given by different parts of the body. Voltage above 40 V is considered dangerous.
After this time has entered the body, depending on the path it encounters resistance in various organs. The following are listed inorder of resistance: bone, fat, muscle, skin, muscle, blood, andnerves. Determining the current path of survival, for example, whengoing through the heart or brain stem death from ventricular fibrillation can be direct or apnea. Current passing through cancause muscle spasms severe enough to produce long-bonefractures or dislocations.
This type of current is also related to the severity of the injury. cyclealternating current that causes of the most severe injury.